Understanding and Assessing Impacts
In 2013, the City of North Vancouver developed a Climate Change Adaptation Plan identifying climate risks and impacts the City is likely to experience as a result of climate change. The City participated in ICLEI Canada’s Building Adaptive and Resilient Communities (BARC) program. The program’s five milestone framework leads cities through the process of developing, implementing, and monitoring a climate adaptation strategy, with a focus on reducing risk throughout the community.
Climate projections were supplied by the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium Plan2Adapt Tool and Environment Canada. Climate risks included:
- Increased year-round temperatures
- much warmer summer temperature
- warmer winter lows
- Precipitation change
- Increased intensity
- Wetter falls and winters
- Drier springs and summers
- Less Snow
- Extreme events
- Increased extreme heat events
- Increased extreme precipitation events
- Sea level rise
Following the BARC framework, these projections were used to inform a series of workshops attended by an interdepartmental team of City staff and external agencies. The workshops consisted of direct consultations and surveys to identify potential climate impacts, assess vulnerability, and assess risk across six sectors: Health and Safety, Local Economy and Finance, Community and Lifestyle, Parks and the Environment, Infrastructure and Buildings, and Land Use. The geographic and socio-economic distributions of impacts were also considered, especially where the consequences are expected to fall disproportionately on vulnerable populations.
The District of North Vancouver’s Invasive Plant Management Strategy identifies the social, ecological, and economic impacts of invasive plants, including impacts on human health and recreation, the destruction of native ecosystems and disruption to ecosystem function, as well as the degradation and loss of productive land and damage to infrastructure and property. Additionally, the Strategy identifies over two dozen invasive plants of concern within the District as well as their general impact.