The VACCIn project was funded by Ouranos and the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ) through the Quebec government’s 2013-2020 Action Plan on Climate Change. The main goal of the VACCIn project is to develop a method for assessing the vulnerability of buildings owned by the SQI to climate change. These 350 buildings were built at different times (1810-2019). They have a variety of functions, many of which are related to the maintenance of public health and safety. In addition, these buildings are spread across the province, exposing them to a variety of weather conditions.
The VACCIn project also has the following objectives:
- Develop a reproducible methodology for assessing the vulnerability of the building stock and its occupants
- Prioritize the buildings to be assessed based on their mission
- Apply this methodology to buildings considered as priorities in order to validate the method
- Provide other owners with a toolbox to replicate this approach
- Develop a dissemination strategy for the approach and tools produced
The VACCIn project is based on three key concepts of adaptation: risk, vulnerability and resilience to climate change. These concepts have been specifically integrated into the reality of infrastructure and building management. The work was carried out in collaboration with Ouranos and the INSPQ. The project relied on the climate models available on the Ouranos platforms and climatedata.ca, using the correct climate indices for the real estate sector. However, the project leaders had to take into account the variability of uncertainty between different indices, with freeze-thaw cycles, heat and heat waves having more appropriate models for the desired use. Furthermore, in the case of high winds, tornadoes or ice storms, climate indices are either non-existent or approximate. The evolution of these phenomena in the future appears in some reference documents, such as the knowledge synthesis produced by Ouranos in 2015. Some important phenomena for building management also require specific studies because of the variety of factors at their source; for example, riparian flooding.
For additional climate information, look at the Resources section of this example (below).