Understanding and Assessing Impacts
While the Green Bond Program itself does not elaborate as to the identification of climate change impacts on the City of Vancouver, the host of climate change related documents produced by the city in recent years provides a wealth of insight into the topic. Through their Climate Change Adaptation Strategy Vancouver has identified three areas of concern: hotter, drier summers; warmer, wetter winters; sea level rise. Much of the information related to these impacts was compiled through observation of currently experienced impacts as well as through climate projections provided by the International Panel on Climate Change. The city has experienced a host of climate change related impacts in the past decade including coastal flooding, poor air conditions due to wildfires, and drought conditions. Vancouver has opted to utilize these future projections rather than historical data. In doing so, the City of Vancouver downscaled the projections in order to better tailor them to a local context. Aside from the use of climate projections, Vancouver has also undertaken broad vulnerability and risk assessments. These assessments also led to the creation of a Coastal Flood Risk Assessment as well as the identification of future areas of research. The report notes that the inherent uncertainty and long timelines associated with adaptation planning spur the need for periodic reassessment and a renewed understanding of the extent and nature of impacts affecting Vancouver.