Based on the regional climate projections from the Climate Atlas of Canada, the NBFWO identified a series of impacts on New Brunswick woodlots, including increased temperature and more intense and more prolonged summer droughts, leading to increased evapotranspiration rates and a net decrease in available water. Spring flooding and severe storm events will increase soil erosion, exposing tree roots. Additionally, invasive insects and fungi migrating from other areas may be better adapted to the new climate regimes increasing the number or damage caused by such passing pathogens. Climate change poses a high risk to productivity for tree communities that remain in their current composition without intervention. Without making proactive changes, the NBFWO recognized that successional pathways could lead to a loop where non-adapted species continue to grow and reduce their productivity affecting carbon sequestration, timber production, and recreational and wildlife management.
For additional climate information, look at the Resources section of this example (below).